China: the Asian giant

Shanghai, the most populated city in China, is an example of the rapid economic growth the country is now experiencing. (Getty)

The world’s most populated country is to become the leader of global economy

The People’s Republic of China is the third largest country on the planet (just behind Russia and Canada) and the most populated in the world: it has over 1.3 billion inhabitants.

These two factors explain, partly, why it is one of the most influential countries in the world.

After many years of isolation, late last century, China decided to open itself up out to the world. The Chinese government is less strict when implementing its socialist policies and has started to establish commercial and diplomatic relations with other countries.

That is why it is not surprising that China is one of the emerging powers of the 21st century.

China, the new Leader

Such a large country as it is, with so many natural resources and with such a large population, it is logical that China is one of the main economic powers worldwide.

Known as “the Asian giant”, China has a huge capacity for production that allows it to compete in any market: construction, technology, fashion, manufacturing …

The Chinese government has discovered the advantages of capitalism and economic liberalism: instead of investing in public policies and social services, priority is given to firms and private businesses to generate wealth.

In contrast, a large majority of the population survives on very low wages and precarious work. Millions of people move from the countryside to the city, which makes rural areas poorer and poorer

On the other hand, the rapid growth of its economy and its exploitation of natural resources have made of China one of the world’s biggest polluter.

In Between censorship and authoritarianism

After the last emperor’s abdication in 1911, political parties with different ideas disputed power of the new republic. The conflict went on for decades and millions of people died in the war.

Finally, in 1949 the Chinese Communist Party, led by Mao Zedong, won. The new government made us of brutal methods to eliminate the opposition: anyone who would dare to criticize the regime could be tortured, go to jail for years or even be executed.

Censorship also affected all areas of society: in the media, in schools, books, art, music …just like any dictatorship, everything had to be previously approved by members of the Party.

After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, the Chinese government started to implement more open policies. The Chinese can criticize the government’s poor management or complain about corruption without fear of being arrested, but demonstrations and protests are still banned.

The population has access to some TVs, websites and foreign social network channels. However, internet access is not open. In the past 3 years, 13,000 websites have been censored by the Chinese government and Google searches are filtered (and monitored).

Whatever it takes to avoid riots and guarantee the stability of the country.

Translated by Chaplin’s Languages | Find out more in Junior Report.

 

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