Responsible technological development seeks to incorporate robots into the world of work without prejudicing workers
Technological development and the Fourth Industrial Revolution can have negative effects on the future of employment: robots can perform mechanical tasks and replace some workers, which would increase unemployment and social inequality.
However, there are increasingly more proposals to counteract the negative effects of this technological revolution: establish a basic income to reduce poverty, reduce working hours to improve the quality of life and promote education as a driver of change.
La cuarta revolución industrial ya está aquí. @fallodesistema aborda las preguntas que surgen alrededor del trabajo 4.0. ¿Cómo van a influir en nuestros empleos tecnologías como la inteligencia artificial? 🤖https://t.co/UUYuRv6pGm pic.twitter.com/9EqTxVViky
— Radio 3 (@radio3_rne) February 18, 2018
One of the main consequences of the entry of new technologies into the labor market has been that some tasks have been automated, causing people who were previously indispensable to do these tasks no longer to be.
In addition, there are other advantages (for companies): machines work more hours, do not need rest or have to be paid a salary.
The replacement of people by machines results in technological unemployment: people with specific training and skills will end up unemployed and replaced by machines.
— DGE Social Media (@DGE_SocialMedia) January 25, 2018
Answers to inequality
Technological development has not benefited everyone equally. The introduction of machines and robots has served to enrich some people and large companies, but it has also worsened the living conditions of many low and middle class people.
Governments invest and finance technological development, but the technological benefits do not always translate into job creation. Companies like Airbnb and WhatsApp move millions of dollars with very few employees.
To compensate for these negative effects, one of the proposals is the Universal Basic Income: a universal payment for all people, regardless of whether they work or not, just for the mere fact of existing and living in society.
The basic income can help reduce the technological impact in several ways. When a person with economic difficulties gets a job, he stops receiving the social help he had, but maybe his new salary is not enough.
Therefore, the universal basic income provides economic security: being an insured income, it reduces the risk of social exclusion, one of the main threats to wellbeing and economic growth.
By having economic security, people can invest the time in training, undertake new projects and seek new opportunities (something that is very difficult to do if you are worried about making ends meet).
Ante la creciente desigualdad de los ingresos, el frágil sistema de salud y la probabilidad de que la tecnología pronto eliminará muchos puestos de trabajo, el ingreso básico ha vuelto a ponerse de moda en Estados Unidos. https://t.co/H6rDHthBc1
— Landero Asociados (@LanderoMx) February 18, 2018