The automotive industry prepares itself for the big change in transport vehicles
When invented, automobiles were a luxury that very few could afford. But over the last century cars became something common, present in most people’s everyday life.
From the internal combustion engine to electric cars, the evolution of the automobile has always been linked to technological advances. At present, the appearance of new fuels and on board computers could completely change the idea we have today of cars.
One of the main issues that the automotive industry is facing today is its high environmental cost: the CO2 emissions produced by cars greatly contribute to climate change
In addition, cars are also responsible for the ‘smog’, polluting smoke that covers cities, which is like a layer of fog and which affects the health of millions of people.
Some countries have started to bring in laws to ban the use of polluting cars in the coming years. This pressure has forced manufacturers to adapt vehicles to the use of alternative fuels.
The most popular option is those of cars that run on electric energy. As batteries improve, these vehicles can travel further and further and in many cities more and more charging stations are being installed.
Another alternative to gas are hydrogen cars. Combined with oxygen, this element generates an energy that is stored in a battery, which is later used to propel the engine.
Latest advances in AI have lead to the development of autonomous cars that can circulate without a driver.
These vehicles use dozens of sensors and cameras to perceive the environment of the vehicle and have incorporated computer programs with information on the number of lanes in each street, signs that are on the road, among others.
All the information is passed on to a central computer that analyzes all data to later take decisions. For example, to stop if it detects objects or people nearby, know when you can change lanes and accelerate or brake depending on the speed limit.
In almost all futuristic films we can see flying cars, but the sky of our cities is as clear as ever. However, this could change in the coming years.
The “flying taxis” of Dubai are the vehicles closest to making the dream of flying cars a reality. These are large drones that can transport two people from one place to another.
Flying taxis use electric power and can fly for 30 minutes/charge. They cannot only fly, but they are also autonomous, since they do not have a pilot.
Those who have come up with this idea, believe that this can be the solution to traffic jams and it can also contribute to reducing pollution. For the time being, these are still being tested, though.
Another similar Project is that of Lililum. This company has created an electric jet that flies just like a plane but takes off and lands vertically, like the helicopter. This would allow to fly in cities since it doesn’t need a runway.