The communist regime of the Castro family

The brothers Fidel (who died in 2016) and Raúl Castro have ruled Cuba maintaining a communist system for 60 years (Adalberto Roque / AFP)

Cuba is one of the few countries where full communism still rules in the 21st century

Fidel Castro led the Cuban revolution 60 years ago. The population rebelled against the dictator Fulgencio Batista, a military man who took power by force in 1952 and served the interests of the United States.

Castro and his “barbudos” won in 1959 and established a communist political regime completely different to Batista’s. The aim was to return power to the people, following the socialist system that had been established in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century.

Communism came to Cuba to stay. The Castro government nationalized the economy: all the companies, businesses and properties were transferred to the government, which was in charge of administering them and distributing the benefits among the population.

The country broke relations with the US and only traded with other communist countries such as the USSR, China or Venezuela. The problem is that such isolation (staying away from the rest of the world) ended up taking its toll.

Besides, some companies who had business there, weren’t too pleased with the idea of nationalizing companies. In response, the Us and other countries imposed a blockade: they prohibited their companies from doing business with Cuban ones.

The result was the lack of materials and food on the island for decades…

Socialism defends that the state must make it their job to look after its people: offer them a job, education and a free and quality health system.

The Cuban government has always boasted of providing its population, yet international organizations have not been able to enter the island to actually check if these basic services were covered.

The educational system of Cuba is one of the best in the continent. Shortly after the Revolution, a literacy campaign was launched and, to this day, Cuba is the only country in Latin America free of illiteracy.

The regime maintains absolute control over the media, which was used for propaganda purposes advertising the communist system. Newspapers such as Granma or Juventud Rebelde are in charge of spreading revolutionary values ​​and criticizing opponents and “enemies of the motherland”

Meanwhile, opponents say that freedom of expression does not exist and that the police persecute people critical of the government. Some rights organizations claim that there are political prisoners in Cuba, although it cannot be proved it because they do not have permission to travel the island.

In addition to controlling the media and the security forces, the Communist Party of Cuba also established the Committees for the Defence of the Revolution: groups of citizens that get organized to watch the population.

The Committees for the Defense of the Revolution inform the authorities of suspicious activities that could go against the government (Yamil Lage / AFP)

This political system has allowed the Communist Party of Cuba to remain in power for almost 60 years with the Castro leading the revolution.

However, to stay isolated in the world of internet is becoming increasingly difficult. The arrival of this new president could mark a new era for Cuba.

Translated by Chaplin’s Languages | Find out more in Junior Report


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